GARNET Birth stone for January
- Garnet are normally deep red in colour.
- They have a hardness rating of 7.0 – 7.5 and are therefore an excellent everyday wearing stone.
- Even though Garnets are normally sold in the dark red colourings they can also be found in Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue and many other colours.
- Another very popular Garnet is the Rhodolite garnet, it’s colouring runs in the purplish-red or rose colours.
AMETHYST Birth Stone for February
- Amethyst is a beautiful purple colour and can range from pale lavender to rich violet colourings.
- It has a hardness rating of 7.0 which makes it a everyday wearing stone.
- The colour purple is the traditional colour of Royalty, and has been used all the way back in history as a symbol of rich and powerful monarchs and rulers.
- Setting this beautiful colour stone in White Gold really enhances the colour.
AQUAMARINE Birth Stone for March
- Aquamarine is truly a beautiful stone.
- The word Aquamarine in Latin means ‘Seawater’ or ‘Aqua Mare’ and you can see where this association with the sea comes from from the light almost transparent blue colouring to the deep blue of the sea.
- The deeper the blue the more rare this gem stone can be and it is quite common for a Aquamarine to be heat teated to permanently remove the greenish tinge leaving only the stunning blue colour.
- Aquamarine has a hardness rating of 7.50 – 8.0 and once again in our opinion set in White Gold is stunning.
TOURMALINE Birth Stone for April as well as Diamond
- Tourmaline means ‘Stone of Many Colours’ which is perfect for this particular gem stone.
- Tourmaline has a hardness of 7.0 -7.5.
- It comes in a wonderful variety of colours including pink, red, blue, green, yellow and one of our personal favourites watermelon.
- Watermelon Tourmaline starts with outer edge of green and goes into a red centre.
- Pink Tourmaline always look stunning set with crisp white diamonds.
- There are also Bi-colour and Tri-colour Tourmaline that always prove to be popular and they show multiple colour areas throughout the stones.
- Some Tourmalines colour changes will run from top to bottom and will normally be cut in a Emerald Cut or length ways.
- Some Tourmaline are cut specifically so they are green at one end and pink at the other.
EMERALD Birth Stone for May
- Emeralds have always been the object of great desire and envy.
- From being used in Crown Jewels to being made famous in movies and always associated with richness and beauty.
- Natural Emeralds have characteristic inclusions within the stone generally making them more fragile than a created Emerald.
- We always recommend that a Natural Emerald should be worn with care.
- The range of green can vary from gorgeous dark green though to a lighter milkier green colour in a Natural Emerald.
- Emerald hardness rating is 7.5 – 8.0
- Very popular in the market place and not as expensive as their Natural counterparts are Created Emeralds. These stones are man made, but are made out of the same composition as a Natural Emerald. They are a much more durable stone for everyday wear without the natural inclusions and more available in Jewellery stores than Natural Emeralds are.
RUBY Birth Stone for July
- Rubies are known as the stone of love and passion and making this gem stone very desirable.
- Ruby has the hardness of 9.0.
- They are found in a wide variety of red colourings from pinkish, purplish, browning reds through to the deep rich reds.
- Much like the Emerald there are Natural and created Rubies.
- Nothing sets off a Ruby ring than when it is partnered with Diamonds.
PERIDOT Birth Stone for August
- Peridot is one of the few gem stones that come in one colour, Green.
- The depth of green can vary from yellow green to olive to brownish green.
- With a hardness of 6.5 – 7.0 it is on the soft side of the scale and should be worn with care.
- Ideally Peridot is better set in earrings or a pendant and looks fabulous in white gold.
SAPPHIRE Birth Stone for September
- Sapphire a gem stone that has been cherished for thousands of years, and in recent time made very famous by Princess Diana’s Engagement Ring.
- Sapphires have a hardness of 9.0 same as Ruby, which means they are a very good everyday wearing stone.
- Most people think that Sapphire are blue, however they come in all colours including:
- Ceylon (indigo blue)
- Party Sapphire and the list goes on
OPAL Birth Stone for October
- Opal is Australia’s National gem stone and we are the world leaders in opal mining and produce over 95% of the gemstone.
- When buying an opal, colour and patterns play the major factor.
- Unlike Diamonds or other gem stones where clarity plays a major role in price, opals are a solid mass of stone.
- Red opals are the most valuable as they are the rarest and will show the full spectrum of colour when they are rolled back and forth.
- The body of patterns are important as well with larger flashes of the pattern more valuable than smaller flashes of pattern throughout the stone.
- Opal only have a hardness of 5.5 – 6.5 making them not suitable for everyday wearing.
- They must be cared for differently than other gem stones, by not putting them into chemicals or ultrasonic and only cleaning them with soapy water and rinsed well.
- Direct heat or heavy knocks may play a factor into cracking of the stone.
- Opal varieties are determined by origin, they are classified by dark or black, white or light, milk or crystal, and boulder.
- To protect the opal from abrasion, a slice of quartz may be used to cap the thin opal veneer producing a three-tiered gemstone known as a Triplet or a Doublet if done by two-tiered.
CITRINE Birth Stone of November
- Citrine is a beautiful coloured stone that has a range from yellow through golden colouring into the amber colours.
- It has a hardness of 7.0 and looks stunning set in yellow gold.
TOPAZ Birth Stone of December
- Most popular colour of Topaz is Blue, but they come in a range of colours from rich yellows to light browns to pinkish red.
- They have a hardness of 8.0 which means normally they are a good wearing everyday stone.
- Tanzanite is one of the most gorgeous coloured gem stones sold today.
- The most sort after are the wonderful intense blue colouring with slight purple overtones or in some cases a heavier purple overtone.
- They come from Tanzania in Africa and have a hardness rating of 6.5 – 7.0 which are not suitable for everyday wear.
- They should be worn with care and never put into an ultra sonic cleaning machine.
- Amber is the name given to fossilised plant resins from millions of years ago.
- Most amber is yellow to golden brown through to a deeper brown, it has an incredibly low hardness of 2.0 – 2.5 and should not be worn on a daily basis.
- It is very susceptible to scratching and chipping with a hard enough knock.
- Amber will be normally found in silver rings, pendants and beads and are a great fashion accessory for winter colourings.
- Morganite has become a very popular stone in the past short while and with good reason. This stone primarily shown in the soft hues of the pink family such as Salmon, Rose, Peach etc..
- The depth of colour will vary, the deeper and richer the colour the more you should expect to pay for the stone.
- Morganite is mined in several countries such as Brazil, Mozambique, and Namibia and has a hardness rating of 7.5 – 8.0, which is not suitable for everyday wear, but as a dress piece.
- Smokey Quartz has the colouring of translucent smokey brown, grey or black hues, hence the name.
- With a hardness rating of 7.0 this stone is not suitable for everyday wear, but is perfect for a dress style ring.
- Smokey Quartz is found all over the world but there seems to be large deposits found in Australia, Brazil, Mozambique, Scotland and the USA.